Thursday, August 19, 2010

Literacy level and violence -- a connection?

This is a report on Mizoram and how it keeps its peace. Linky

I am trying to understand how much of the peace is due to the GoI's aerial bombardment that finally forced the Mizo National Front to sue for peace. And how much of this peace is due to the high literacy levels and less insecurities that Hinduism (the imagined other in NG's paper) will overwhelm the Mizos?

The literacy levels of the Northeast states reads like this (from the 2001 census data as obtained from Linky):
State, Overall literacy %, Male literacy %, Female literacy %, Male - Female %
1) Mizoram 88.49 90.69 86.13 4.56
2) Tripura 73.66 81.47 65.41 16.06
3) Sikkim 69.68 76.73 61.46 15.27
4) Manipur 68.87 77.87 59.70 18.17
5) Nagaland 67.11 71.77 61.92 9.85
6) Assam 64.28 71.93 56.03 15.90
7) Meghalaya 63.31 66.14 60.41 5.73
8) Arunachal 54.74 64.07 44.24 19.83

For the record, here is the literacy level in the maoist belt
1) Maharashtra 77.27 86.27 67.51 18.76
2) West Bengal 69.22 77.58 60.22 17.36
3) Chhatisgarh 65.18 77.86 52.40 25.46
4) Madhya Pradesh 64.11 76.80 50.28 26.52
5) Orissa 63.61 75.95 50.97 24.98
6) Andhra Pradesh 61.11 70.85 51.17 19.68
7) Uttar Pradesh 57.36 70.23 42.98 27.25
8) Jharkhand 54.13 67.94 39.38 28.56
9) Bihar 47.53 60.32 33.57 26.75

Other areas of violence:
1) Jammu & Kashmir 54.46 65.75 41.82 23.93

And in the belt that seems to be doing ok so far (at least economically):
1) Kerala 90.92 94.20 87.86 6.34
2) Gujarat 69.97 80.50 58.60 21.90
3) Punjab 69.95 75.63 63.55 12.08

To my statistically poorly trained eye, a huge differential between male and female literacy % seems to have a high correlation for violence. Certainly high education level seems to have some positive correlation with less violence. I would like to revisit this trend a bit later contingent on digging more data.

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