Friday, July 9, 2010

The case of Manipur

MHA banned list of terrorist groups (as on June 6, 2010)

Assam:
1) United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA)
2) National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB)

Manipur:
3) People's Liberation Army (PLA)
4) United National Liberation Front (UNLF)
5) People's Revolutionary party of Kangleipak (PREPAK)
6) Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP)
7) Kanglei Yaol Kanna Lup (KYKL)
8) Manipur People's Liberation Front (MPLF)
9) Revolutionary People's Front (RPF)

Tripura:
10) All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF)
11) National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT)

Meghalaya:
12) Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)
13) Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC)
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Other dominant terrorist groups not banned by MHA
Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur:
14) National Socialist Council of Nagaland - Isaak Chwu and Thuingaleng Muivah faction (NSCN-IM)
15) National Socialist Council of Nagaland - SS Khaplang faction (NSCN-K)

Assam:
16) Dima Halam Daogah - Jewel Garlosa faction (DHD-J)
17) Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA)
18) Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA)
19) United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS)
20) Karbi Longri North Cachar Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF)

West Bengal and Sikkim:
21) Kamtapur Liberation Organization (KLO)

Mizoram, Manipur and Assam:
22) Hmar People's Convention - Democracy (HPC-D)
23) Bru National Liberation Front (BNLF)
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Comment: As can be seen from above, every state in the Northeast (except Manipur) has one (or two at the max) leading terrorist groups fighting with a certain whine profile for a certain community (a) ULFA for Ahomese, NDFB for Bodos/Boros, DHD-J for Dimasas, b) HNLC for Khasis, ANVC for Garos, c) NLFT and ATTF for the Boroks/tribal groups (Reangs, Debbarmas, Jamatiyas, etc.), etc.). However the case of Manipur is one where things have gone so awry that it is hard to even figure out all the terrorist groups operating. SATP is on its toes keeping track of the various outfits and their bifurcations.

All this in a state that is half the size of the largest district in India. There are more terrorist groups in Manipur than there are districts. Perhaps as many terrorist outfits as there are dialects. In any case, the GoI's blind and callous lack of interest in Manipur when the ANSAM and NSF blockaded Manipur for 69 days can only be a moral boost to the terrorist outfits in Manipur. Surely, Ok. Ibobi Singh is a member of the ruling Congress party and yet, he has been unable to sway the Congress government at the Center to be more regardful of the economic woes a blockade on NH 39 can do. By toeing the NSCN-IM's line, the MHA and GoI have surely created a sore that will continue to fester for a looong long time. The lack of attention in the media has only complicated matters. I feel sad to have a hunch that things have not hit a rock bottom in Manipur yet, and I would more than happy if I am proven wrong on this.

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