Thursday, March 31, 2011

Provisional 2011 Census data with a Focus on Violence

First, we start off on Assam in detail:
Data type 2001 2011 (from Linky 1, Linky 2 and Linky 3)

Population (in millions) 26.66 31.17
Decadal growth rate (%) 18.92 16.93
Sex Ratio (per 1000 males) 923 (1991) 935 954
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 years) (per 1000 males) 975 (1991) 964 957

Literacy Rate (%) 52.89 (1991) 63.25 73.18 (Linky 4 and Linky 5)
Female Literacy Rate (%) 43.03 (1991) 54.61 67.27
Gap in Literacy Rate (Male % - Female %) 18.84 (1991) 15.9 11.54
Total Fertility Rate 3.68 (~1992-93) 2.6 (~2008)

Overall, Assam seems to have done well in educating its masses, as well as its women. As I noted in my previous post, this seems to bode well for Assam's future vis-a-vis violence. Plus, the decrease in TFR is a good and welcoming sign. But life is more complicated than mere numbers: uncontrolled immigration from Bangladesh, the enfranchising of the Muslim votebank and the ensuing communalization of day-to-day life, endemic corruption in civil society and bureaucracy means that stranger turns can be expected sooner than later.

Continuing from that post, here are the Difference in Literacy Indicators from 2001 and 2011 for other states in the Violence belt (of all types: Northeast, Red and Muslim terror-dominated)
Sikkim 15.27 10.86
Arunachal 19.83 14.12
Nagaland 9.85 6.60
Manipur 18.17 13.32
Mizoram 4.56 4.32
Tripura 16.06 9.03
Meghalaya 5.73 3.39

Jharkhand 28.56 22.20
Chattisgarh 25.46 20.86
Orissa 24.98 18.04
Bihar 26.75 20.06
UP 27.25 19.98
J&K 23.93 20.25

While most states, including the hugely populous Bihar and UP, have made a dramatic cut of >5% in the differential, with the understanding that it gets harder to cut this gap as the number becomes small (as is the case with Nagaland, Meghalaya and Manipur), J&K with a smaller population seems to be lagging behind. The consequences of this gap will be there to see soon unless pro-active measures are taken towards female literacy.

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